Manizales is a city and municipality in central Colombia, capital of Department of Caldas and part of the region of Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis, near the Nevado del Ruiz volcano, he city is the main center for the production of Colombian coffee and an important hub for higher educational institutions.


Manizales is the capital city of one of the smallest Colombian departments. The city is described as having “abrupt topography”; it is built in a mountain region with a number of ridgelines and steep slopes. Combined with the seismic instability of the area, this has required architectural adaptations and public works to make the city safer. Even though Manizales has a very difficult topography, there are many coffee plantations in these fertile lands. The city is located in the north of the Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis (“Eje Cafetero”), near the volcano Nevado del Ruiz, which has an altitude of about 5.321 meters.

Manizales was founded October 12th, 1849, in the middle of a civil war between bipartisan followers; Liberals against Conservatives. The city was founded by a group of twenty Antioquians (The Expedition of the 20), who came from Neira and Salamina. There is a strong Spanish influence in the culture and the population was very homogeneous, mostly whites, until other races and ethnic groups migrated to the city in search of the outstanding universities. Tango is a big deal to enjoy in the city and there is also a new appetite for jazz.

Hydrography Basin of the Rio Chinchiná and subbasin of the Guacaica River.

Natural threats Earthquakes, mud slides, and volcanic eruptions



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